Requiring LSL Replacement When
The most straightforward means to accelerate lead service line (LSL) replacement is to mandate it to happen. State and local governments could require utilities or property owners to replace LSLs either on a schedule or when an opportunity arises. Opportunities vary based on the use of the property but examples include:
Federal and state legislatures have the general authority to impose mandates on utilities and property owners regarding LSLs where they determine that public health and safety is threatened or there is a public nuisance. Depending on state law, local government may also have the authority.
Generally, mandates to private property owners are difficult to adopt and even more difficult to enforce, especially for owner-occupied housing. They are most effective when coupled with other support such as education, ease of implementation, funding, or the issuance of a permit or license. Examples of a multi-layered approach include mandates to wear seat belts and to install a working carbon monoxide and smoke alarm.